Самые лучшие английские сказки / The best english fairy tales
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Подготовка текста, комментарии, упражнения и словарь С. А. Матвеева; иллюстрации М. М. Салтыкова
The Master and His Pupil
There was once a very learned man in the north-country who knew all the languages under the sun, and who was acquainted with all the mysteries of the world. He had one big book bound in black calf and clasped with iron, and with iron corners, and chained to a table on the floor. When he read this book, he unlocked it with an iron key. This famous book contained all the secrets of the spiritual world. It told how many angels there were in heaven, and how they marched in their ranks, and sang, and what were their several functions, and what was the name of each great angel of might. And it told of the demons, how many of them there were, and what were their several powers, and their labours, and their names, and how they might be summoned,1
Now the master had a pupil who was a foolish lad, and he acted as servant to the great master. The boy was never allowed4
One day the master was out. The lad was very curious. So he hurried to the chamber where his master kept his wonderful apparatus for changing copper into gold, and lead into silver.There was his magic mirror in which he could see all that was passing in the world. There also was the shell which when held to the ear5
which when held to the ear – которая, если её приложить к уху
[Закрыть] whispered all the words that were spoken by anyone the master desired to know about. The lad tried in vain6
in vain – напрасно
[Закрыть] with the crucibles to turn copper and lead into gold and silver. He looked long and vainly into the mirror; smoke and clouds passed over it, but he saw nothing plain. And the shell produced to his ear only indistinct murmurings, like the breaking of distant seas on an unknown shore. “I can do nothing,” he said; “as I don’t know the right words to utter, and they are locked up in that magic book.”
He looked round, and, see! the book was not locked. The master had forgotten to lock it before he went out. The boy rushed to it, and opened the volume. It was written with red and black ink, and much of it he could not understand. But he put his finger on a line and spelled it through.
At once the room was darkened, and the house trembled; a clap of thunder rolled through the passage and the old room, and there stood before him a horrible, horrible form, breathing fire, and with eyes like burning lamps. It was the demon, whom he had called up7
The boy only trembled, and his hair stood up.
“Set me a task, or I shall strangle you!”
But the lad could not speak. Then the evil spirit stepped towards him, and putting forth his hands touched his throat. The fingers burned his flesh. “Set me a task!”
“Water that flower,” cried the boy in despair, pointing to a geranium which stood in a pot on the floor. Instantly the spirit left the room, but in another instant he returned with a barrel on his back, and poured its contents over the flower; and again and again he went and came, and poured more and more water, till the floor of the room was ankle-deep.9
“Enough, enough!” gasped the lad; but the demon did not hear him. The lad didn’t know the words by which to send him away, and still he fetched water.
It rose to the boy’s knees and still more water was poured. It mounted to his waist, and the demon still kept on bringing barrels full. It rose to his armpits, and he scrambled to the table-top. And now the water in the room stood up to the window and washed against the glass, and around his feet on the table. It still rose; it reached his breast. The poor boy cried, but all was useless. The evil spirit was pouring and pouring and pouring water. But the master remembered on his journey that he had not locked his book, and therefore returned, and at the moment when the water was bubbling about the pupil’s chin, rushed into the room and spoke the words which cast the demon back into his fiery home.
1. Выберите правильный вариант:
1. A learned man had a book in which he had the knowledge to control angels.
2. A learned man had a book in which he had the knowledge to control demons.
3. A learned man had a book in which he had the knowledge to control people.
4. A learned man had a book in which he had the knowledge to control stupid pupils.
2. What is a demon?
1. a supernatural being, often depicted in humanoid form with feathered wings on the back and halo around the head
2. a mythological human with the ability to shapeshift into a wolf
3. a supernatural, malevolent being
4. an animated corpse raised by magical means
3. What is magic?
1. the act of producing musical sounds with the voice
2. a form of communication between two demons
3. a performing art that entertains audiences
4. the use of paranormal methods to manipulate natural forces
4. What did the foolish pupil one day do with the magic book?
1. The foolish pupil decided to burn it.
2. The foolish pupil brought it to the library.
3. The foolish pupil did absolutely nothing.
4. The foolish pupil began to study.
5. What did the demon do when the pupil summoned him?
1. The demon tried to steal the book.
2. The demon appeared and demanded a task from the foolish pupil.
3. The demon disappeared at once.
4. The demon wanted to play magic games.
6. Закончите предложение:
The demon went on watering the flower until ____________________________________.
7. Выберите правильный вариант:
1. The master remembered that he had left his book unlocked, returned and dispelled the demon.
2. The master remembered that he had left his money at home and returned.
3. The master did not want to dispell the demon.
4. The master never returned.
8. Why did the pupil order the demon to water the flower?
2. He wanted to have a good garden.
3. He liked plants very much.
4. He wanted to save his life.
9. Выберите правильный ответ:
"Enough, enough!" cried the lad; but the demon did not hear him. Why?
1. Because the demon was deaf.
2. Because the lad didn't know the words by which to send the demon away.
3. Because the demon was angry with the boy.
4. Because the demon did not speak English.
10. Выберите нужный глагол:
The water______________to the boy's knees and still more water was poured.
11. Выберите нужный предлог:
in – with – on – out
The master remembered his journey that he had not locked his book, and therefore returned.
12. Ответьте на вопросы:
1. How many persons are mentioned in the story?
2. What is the master's occupation?
3. What do magicians usually do?
4. What do you like and what don't you like in the characters?
5. What would you do if you were the main character of the story?
6. What is the end of the story?
7. Retell the story.
13. Заполните таблицу:
1. A learned man had a book in which he had the knowledge to control demons.
2. A demon is a supernatural, malevolent being.
3: the use of paranormal methods to manipulate natural forces
4. The foolish pupil one day found it open and read a spell from it.
5. The demon appeared and demanded a task from the foolish pupil.
6. The demon went on watering the flower until the room was filling with water.
7. The master remembered that he had left his book unlocked, returned and dispelled the demon.
8. He wanted to save his life.
9. Because the lad didn't know the words by which to send the demon away.
10. rose; The water rose to the boy's knees and still more water was poured.
The master remembered on his journey that he had not locked his book, and therefore returned.
The Golden Arm
Here was once a man who travelled the land all over11
At last she died. The husband put on black clothes, and pulled the longest face at the funeral. But in the middle of the night, he dug up the body, and cut off the golden arm. He hurried home to hide his treasure, and thought no one would know.
The following night he put the golden arm under his pillow, and was just falling asleep, when the ghost of his dead wife glided into the room. Stalking up to the bedside it drew the curtain, and looked at him reproachfully. Pretending not to be afraid, he spoke to the ghost, and said, "What have you done with your red cheeks?"
"All withered and wasted away," replied the ghost, in a hollow tone.
"What have you done with your red rosy lips?"
"All withered and wasted away."
"What have you done with your golden hair?"
"All withered and wasted away."
"What have you done with your Golden Arm?"
"You have it!"
The Fish and the Ring
Once upon a time, there was a mighty Baron in the North Country who was a great magician and knew everything that would come to pass.15
“Don’t cry, my dear man,” said the Baron. “If that’s your trouble, I can help you. I’ll take away the last little one, and you won’t have to bother about her.”
“Thank you kindly, sir,” said the man; and he went in and brought out the little girl and gave her to the Baron, who mounted his horse and rode away with her. And when he got by the bank of the river, he threw the little girl into the river, and rode off to his castle.
But the little girl didn’t sink; her clothes kept her up for a time,19
One day it happened that the Baron went out hunting20
“Oh! that’s easy to guess,” said the Baron; “some farmer or other. But I’ll cast her horoscope. Come here, girl, and tell me on what day you were born.”
Then the Baron knew who she was, and when they went away, he rode back and said to the girl, “Listen to me, girl, I will make your fortune. Take this letter to my brother, and you will be settled for life.” And the girl took the letter and said she would go. Now this is what he had written in the letter:
So soon after the girl left, and slept for the night at a little inn. Now that very night22
And then he gave it to the girl. So she went on to the Baron’s brother, a noble knight, with whom the Baron’s son was staying. When she gave the letter to his brother, he gave orders for the wedding to be prepared at once, and they were married that very day.23
Soon after, the Baron himself came to his brother’s castle, and what was his surprise! But he took the girl out for a walk, as he said, along the cliffs. And when he got her all alone, he took her by the arms, and was going to throw her over. But she begged hard for her life.24
The poor girl wandered on and on, till at last she came to a great noble’s castle,26
One day the Baron and his brother and his son, her husband, came up to the noble’s house. She didn’t know what to do; but thought they would not see her in the castle kitchen. So she went back to her work with a sigh, and set to cleaning a huge big fish that was to be boiled for their dinner. And, as she was cleaning it, she saw something shine inside it.27
When the guests saw such a young and beautiful cook they were surprised. But the Baron was very angry. So the girl went up to him with her hand before her with the ring on it; and she put it down before him on the table. Then at last the Baron saw that no one could fight against Fate, and he handed her to a seat and announced to all the company that this was his son’s true wife. And he took her and his son home to his castle; and they all lived happy.
There was once upon a time a good man who had two children: a girl by a first wife,29
The girl went back to the grocer’s, and the grocer gave her a second bunch. She came to the stile, set down the candles, and began to climb it over. Again came the dog and ran off with the candles.
The girl went again to the grocer’s, and the grocer gave her a third bunch. But the same thing happened!31
Then the girl came to her stepmother crying, because she had spent all the money and had lost three bunches of candles.
The stepmother was angry, but she pretended not to mind the loss.32
Then the stepmother hated her more for the beauty of her hair; so she said to her, “I cannot part your hair on my knee, fetch a billet of wood.” So she fetched it. Then said the stepmother, “I cannot part your hair with a comb, fetch me an axe.” So she fetched it.
“Now,” said the wicked woman, “lay your head down on the billet while I part your hair.”
Well! she laid down her little golden head without fear; and whist!33
Then she took the heart and liver of the little girl, and she stewed them and brought them into the house for supper. The husband tasted them and shook his head. He said they tasted very strangely. She gave some to the little boy, but he would not eat. She tried to force him, but he refused, and ran out into the garden, and took up his little sister, and put her in a box, and buried the box under a rose-tree; and every day he went to the tree and wept, till his tears ran down on the box.
One day the rose-tree flowered. It was spring, and there among the flowers was a white bird. The bird sang, and sang, and sang like an angel out of heaven. Then it flew away. It went to a cobbler's shop, and perched itself on a tree nearby; and thus it sang,
«Sing again that beautiful song,» asked the shoemaker.
"Please give me those little red shoes that you are making."
«Oh, the beautiful song! sing it again, sweet bird,» asked the watchmaker.
"Please give me that gold watch and chain in your hand." The jeweller gave the watch and chain. The bird took it in one foot, the shoes in the other, and repeated the song. Then the bird flew away to where37
Then one of the men put down his tool and looked up from his work,
Then the second miller's man laid aside his tool and looked up,
Then the third miller's man laid down his tool and looked up,
Then all three cried out with one voice: «Oh, what a beautiful song! Sing it, sweet bird, again.»
"Please put the millstone round my neck," said the bird. The men did what the bird wanted and away to the tree it flew with the millstone round its neck, the red shoes in one foot, and the gold watch and chain in the other. It sang the song and then flew home. It rattled the millstone against the eaves of the house, and the stepmother said, "It thunders." Then the little boy ran out to see the thunder, and down dropped the red shoes at his feet.
It rattled the millstone against the eaves of the house once more, and the stepmother said again: "It thunders." Then the father ran out and down fell the chain about his neck.
Father and son came in, laughing and saying, "See, what fine things the thunder has brought us!" Then the bird rattled the millstone against the eaves of the house a third time; and the stepmother said, "It thunders again, perhaps the thunder has brought something for me," and she ran out. But alas! When she stepped outside the door, the millstone fell down on her head; and so she died.
1. Выберите правильный вариант:
1. The girl was very beautiful, but her stepmother was nicer.
2. The girl was very beautiful, and although her brother loved her, his mother hated her.
3. The girl was very beautiful, and although her brother did not love her, his mother adored her.
4. The girl was not beautiful, but her brother loved her.
2. Who is a stepmother?
1. A stepmother is a woman who has raised a child, given birth to a child.
2. A stepmother is a person who is the sister or sister-in-law of a parent.
3. A stepmother is one's father's wife and not one's natural mother.
4. A stepmother is the sister of one's spouse.
3. Where did the stepmother send the little girl?
1. The stepmother sent the little girl to the village to bring some water.
2. The stepmother sent the little girl to the her father.
3. The stepmother sent the little girl to the forest to pick up some berries.
4. The stepmother sent the little girl to the store to buy candles.
4. How many times did the girl put down the candles to climb a stile, and a dog steal them?
1. Three times, the girl put down the candles to climb a stile, and a dog stole them.
2. Two times, the girl put down the candles to climb a stile, and a dog stole them.
3. Four times, the girl put down the candles to climb a stile, and a dog stole them.
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