Николай Носик.

Вирулицидная эффективность дезинфицирующих средств. Сравнительный анализ



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© Носик Н. Н., Носик Д. Н., Чижов А. И., 2019

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SUMMARY

Comparative study on the virucidal effectivity of the most used germisides

Nosik N. N., Nosik D. N., Chizhov A. I.


“The D. I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology N. F. Gamaleya NRCEM”, Ministry of Health, Moscow. Russia

Virucidal effectivity of the most used chemical disinfectants (quaternary ammonium compounds, amines, guanidines, aldehydes, ethanol and propanol) was studied. Also their inhibitory activity on enveloped (HIV, HCV, HSV and Influenza Virus) and nonenveloped (poliovirus and adenovirus) were analysed. It was proved that quaternary ammonium compounds, as well as amines, itself are not very effective against nonenveloped viruses. However their combination with guanidines or aldehydes increase the inhibitory effect on viruses. In general the combined administration of two or better three germisides were effective against viruses.

The disinfectants with ethanol compound are more effective than disinfectants with propanol compound.

The sensitivity of viruses to chemical disinfectants and active concentrations of the studied germisides are given in tables.

Keywords: viruses, chemical germisides, virucidal activity, disinfection


СПИСОК СОКРАЩЕНИЙ:

• ВГВ – вирус гепатита В

• ВГС – вирус гепатита С

• ВИЧ – вирус иммунодефицита человека

• ВОЗ – Всемирная организация здравоохранения (WHO, OMS)

• ВП

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