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Idioms and Proverbs on Personal Issues.





,2017


ISBN978-5-4483-8211-6

Ridero

Preface

The textbook is intended for students ofhigher educational institutions.

It contains varied exercises (gap filling, error correction, translation, speaking and writing full-answer activities, etc.), which are intended for the development ofsocio-lingual competence and improvement ofan ability tomake an indirect translation ofidiomatic expressions and proverbs inEnglish texts.

The material used inexercises is taken from the authentic books and grouped into twelve sections on personal issues, which are sure tohelp students overcome translation problems indifferent communicative situations as well as toboost their professional growth bydeveloping critical and creative thinking, original opinions, abilities toanalyze, compare and abstract.

The Key section gives students the opportunity toself-check.

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UNIT1HAPPINESS

Guess Russian equivalents ofthe idioms bythe pictures given



Other useful idioms and their explanation

Tobe full ofthe joys ofspring tobe glowing and cheerful, full ofoptimismand energy

Todo smth (just) for kicks todo smth because it is exciting, often dangerous

Toget a(real) kick out ofsmth toenjoy doing smth verymuch

Smth blows ones mind smth makes aperson very excited

Smth is adream come true smth desired, but not likely tobe realized, has actually happened

Smth is music toones ears smth that makes aperson feel better, happy

Smth makes ones day smth makes aperson feel very happy


Proverbs

He is happy that thinks himself so , .

He is happy who finds peace inhis home , .

Every man has his delight .

Every man is the architect ofhis own fortune .

The fewer the better cheer .


EXERCISES


1.1Combine the words from the box below tomake six idioms.

Use each word once only.



1.2Which idioms do the given pictures make you thinkof?



1.3Complete each idiom inthe following sentences.

1. Have you heard the news about Tom and Jill? They have won $1,000,000on the lottery. They are .. moon.

2. Sallys at the greengrocers now buying exotic fruit. Finally her diet is over, and shes thrilled . As she can eat almost anything she wants.

3. Ted is king because hes finally got his driving license.

4. Yesterday John proposed toHelen, and, though she said shed think it over, Im sure she was in.

5. Dont try totalk Claire into studying German abroad with you. Everyman .. fortune.

6. The news about Helens miraculous recovery was ears ofher family.

7. Tim tried many times toget into that culinary TV show, and, when he did, he was . world.

8. Nancy lost her first child and miscarried asecond one. Thats why she was .. nine after giving birth toher third baby.

9. William is so weird; he never eats his lunch without licking his index fingers first. Really, .. delight.


1.4Replace the underlined part ofeach sentence with an idiom.

1. Our teacher loves asking very difficult questions tofail his least favorite pupils. If he gives two or more bad marks during the lesson, it makes him feel very happy.

2. Joanna was very excited when her family came from Mexico tosee her new place inAustralia.

3. Michael enjoyed very much tackling tasks inMaths.

4. Iwanted tovisit France so much that, when Iwas selected as an exchange student from our school, Icouldnt believe it had actually happened.

5. My dream ofhaving my own big house has finally come true. Theres no one inthe world who could be happier than me. Im inseventh heaven.

6. Jumping from an aircraft byparachute, climbing mountains without any safety equipment are just afew activities Frank does forfun.

7. At the training, Ive learnt tovalue myself and my family. Now my motto is Believe youre happy and youll be happy.


1.5Match the beginning ofeach sentence with its ending.



1.6Correct the mistakes inthese idioms and proverbs.

1. Fred doesnt earn much money. But every morning he greets the sun so enthusiastically. Its really true that he is happy who thinks himself such.

2. Anna gets areal kick insongwriting.

3. Theres so much love inKates eyes when she looks at her husband and children. Id say she is happy who finds peace inher home.

4. Her holidays inIndia were unforgettable. She was on seventh cloud then.

5. Henry is so clever and hardworking. By31hes already become apresident ofthe company. Each man is the architect ofhis own fortune, indeed.

6. If my parents let me go tothe party tonight, itll really do myday.


1.7Give appropriate and full answers tothe following questions.

1. Are you aperson who gets akick out ofstudying or doing sports?

2. Do you believe he is happy that thinks himself so?Why?

3. Were your parents on cloud nine when you were born, inyour opinion?

4. Will it make your day if you help apasser-by?Why?

5. Is it possible for you tobe floating on air because ofwinning some competition or contest?

6. Have you ever done anything just for kicks? What?

7. What news can be music toyour ears?

8. Why do people usually jump forjoy?

9. Every man is the architect ofhis own fortune, isnthe?

10. Would you be over the moon if you got top marks inall your examinations?


1.8Fill inthe gaps with the information about you and your environment.

1. Im sure that every man has his delight because

2. My sister/brother/cousin is often inseventh heaven when..

3. Its adream come true if

4. The state ofbeing as happy as aking is (not)

5. What really blows mind is

6. Tomy mind, he is happy who finds peace inhis home as.

7. It is my who feels on top ofthe world


1.9Translate the following sentences into English.

1. , .

2. .

3. , , , .

4. , , .

5. .

6. , .

7. , .

8. . .

9. , .

10. .

11.   , , .

12. , .


1.10Write aletter toyour pen-friend ofabout 150words describing some happy event or situation ofyours. Find aproper place for at least 3idioms.

Unit2PLEASURE

Guess Russian equivalents ofthe idioms bythe pictures given



Other useful idioms and their explanation

Inones joy owing tosome pleasant event

Smth goes down atreat smth that pleases

Smth is abed ofroses asituation or activity that is comfortable oreasy

Tobe afair treat tolook/ be wonderful, excellent

Tobe inalt tobe inan elevated mood, inastate ofelation

Tobe (as) pleased as Punch tofeel great delight or pride

Todo smbs heart good tomake smb glad or happy

Toenjoy ones life tolive inacarefreeway

Toget ones jollies tohave fun tothefull

Tolook on the bright side ofthings tobe hopeful about the future

Tomake good cheer tohave agreatfun

Toones hearts content until one is perfectly satisfied


Proverbs

Joy shared is joy doubled .

Aman ofgladness seldom falls into madness , .

The more the merrier , .

He that is ill tohimself will be good tonobody , .

Good company upon the road is the shortest cut .


EXERCISES


2.1Combine the words from the box below tomake seven idioms. Use each word once only.



2.2Which idioms do the given pictures make you thinkof?



2.3Complete each idiom inthe following sentences.

1. You should try that caf?s numerous healthy and delicious menu items toget .. pleasure.

2. Ben enjoyed adelicious lunch ofseafood, extremely tasty pizza and artfully designed fruit dish to.. content.

3. Amuscle-soothing massage, acalming manicure and pedicure went .. treat.

4. We .. jollies bydancing the night away, listening tojazz music and singing our hearts out at Karaoke.

5. The festival, featuring 200productions ranging from dramas tomusical extravaganzas tokids shows, was .. treat.

6. Jack and Alice made .. at the well known as Berlins best partybar.

7. Bill was .. Punch at the Hard Rock night club.

8. Everybody loves being inhis company. .. gladness seldom falls


2.4Rewrite each sentence using the word inbrackets.

1. Troy was very glad tolive inclose proximity tothe beach. (JOLLY)

2. Enjoying herself inthe heart ofChinatown, Jessie forgot that her friends had been waiting for her inthe Art Gallery. (JOY)

3. Ron was inagood mood that day. Thats why he didnt notice how his home football team lost the match. (ALT)

4. Its apity we cant have apicnic today because ofrain. But, cheer up, Ive rented aDVD with Dirty Dancing. (SIDE)

5. My life is not as easy as many think it is. Iwork 9to5, dont earn much, study inthe evening toget adegree havent got aminute for myself. (ROSES)

6. Please do me afavor and help me with these heavy bags. (HEART)

7. Youd better go toyour grandmothers with Henry. He is adecent and good-natured guy; your trip wont be long and tiresome. (ROAD)


2.5The words jolly and joy are used inmany different combinations. Find at least four ofthem inadictionary and explain their meaning. Provide proper translation and make up sentences ofyour own. See the example below.


Example: Jolly Roger is apirates flag with awhite skull and crossbones on ablack background.

The 18th century pirates roamed the seas and attacked merchant ships tosteal their goods and treasure.

Ajoyrider is aperson who steals cars inorder todrive around inthem at high speed.

My mother doesnt want me tobe friends with Kevin and says he has anegative influence on me because hes ajoyrider.


2.6Match the beginning ofeach sentence with its ending.



2.7Correct the mistakes inthese idioms.

1. Mandy got each conceivable pleasure at the shop retailing womens clothing, shoes, and accessories created bycutting edge designers.

2. The arts gallery housing all handwork silk embroidery picture and oil painting did my soul good.

3. Chris is always looking for some drawbacks inpeople as well as inhimself. He who is ill tohimself will be good tonobody.

4. When my pen ran out ofink, Andrews spare one was down atreat.

5. Ileft my homework at home, didnt manage tocatch the school bus, had towalk inaheavy rain, but, looking on the light side ofthings, Igot an Afor my essay.

6. Next month William is going tovisit his grandparents he hasnt seen for ages. The boy is as please as Punch.


2.8Give appropriate and full answers tothe following questions.

1. Do you believe that joy shared is joy doubled?Why?

2. Have you ever been inalt all day long? What was the reason forjoy?

3. How do young people get their jollies inyour town/ city?

4. Can flattery make you quite out ofbreath forjoy?

5. What should happen tomake apoor mans life abed ofroses?

6. Would you be bursting with joy if you won or lost something?

7. Have you ever forgotten anything inyour joy? What?

8. Good company upon the road is the shortest cut, isntit?

9. How do celebrities enjoy their lives?

10. Is it possible toget every conceivable pleasure? How?/ Whynot?


2.9Fill inthe gaps with the information about you and your environment.

1. Seeing does heart good.

2. My friends usually make good cheer

3. goes down atreat when I

4. Ilove tomy heart content.

5. is as jolly as asandboy every time s/he

6. is afair treat for

7. Itry tolook on the bright side ofthings when


2.10Translate the following sentences into English.

1. , , .

2. , .

3.   , , - . .

4. . - . , , .

5. .

6. , 蠖 .

7. , .  .

8. , . .

9. , . .


2.11Write aletter toyour pen-friend ofabout 150words describing some jolly event or situation ofyours. Find aproper place for at least 3idioms.

Unit3SADNESS

Guess Russian equivalents ofthe idioms bythe pictures given



Other useful idioms and their explanation

Amisery guts aperson who complains all the time and is never happy

Smth holds no joy/ pleasure for smb smth doesnt make smb happy

Sour grapes jealous about smth one canthave

Tobe black as night tobe joyless and cheerless

Tobe down inthe dumps tobe unhappy

Tobe inlow spirits tofeel sadness and despondency

Tobe inno mood for/ todo smth not tofeel like doing or experiencingsmth

Tobe in/ get/ have the blues tobe depressed, tohave afit ofspleen

Tobe out ofhumor tobe sad and unhappy

Tobe out ofsorts tobe slightly unhappy orill

Tohave abad hair day tohave aday when everything seems togo wrong

Tojust grin and bear it toaccept asituation one doesntlike

Tokick oneself tobe annoyed with oneself for doing smth foolish or missing an opportunity

Toknock smb for six toshock or upset smb verymuch

Tolose heart tobecome discouraged

Topull/ make awry face tohave an expression ofdisappointment, or annoyance


Proverbs

All work and no play makes Jack adull boy , .

Better be envied than pitied , .

It is more pain todo nothing than something , .

Joy is always trailed bysorrow .

Misery loves company .


EXERCISES


3.1Combine the words from the box below tomake seven idioms. Use each word once only.



3.2Which idioms do the given pictures make you thinkof?



3.3Complete each idiom inthe following sentences.

1. As Bruce is peppy, playing chess holds forhim.

2. Liz got an F at school. Thats why shes inno .. todo the shopping with friends.

3. Its clear that nobody wants tostay after classes, but lagging behind is much worse. So, youd better .. bearit.

4. As Ivan was sick, his mother didnt let him go tothe theatre with the rest ofthe class. Thats why he felt dumps.

5. Family occasions and holidays ingeneral made her heart as she had no relatives and was an orphan.

6. Extracurricular activities were a.. bore for Jack because he didnt like spending extra time at school.

7. The process ofstudying turned out tobe very demanding. And Bob was .. himself for having taken up violin classes.


3.4Replace the underlined part ofeach sentence with an idiom.

1. Byher face Paul understood his present was not toher taste.

2. Apiece ofbad news upset Rose very much.

3. Ron is depressed because the weathers changing all the time.

4. Idont want toinvite Boris tomy birthday party. Hell ruin all the fun as hes always unhappy.

5. Mary didnt like Michaels look. He told her he wasill.

6. When Laura was on her way toschool, she saw her classmate who was the color ofarain cloud. It crossed her mind that something unfortunate had happened tohim.


3.5Match the beginning ofeach sentence with its ending.



3.6Correct the mistakes inthese idioms.

1. At breakfast Ibroke my tooth, at lunch Ichoked, and inthe evening Iwas late for the meeting. All inall, Ihad abad hairdo.

2. No wonder Tom was black as cloud yesterday; he crashed his dadscar.

3. Idont know why, but, every time Ishare my troubles with my friend, Ifeel better misery likes company.

4. Susan is not inmood totalk because shes just quarreled with her boyfriend.

5. When Peter is down into the dumps, youd better not botherhim.

6. Shes always out ofsots on the eve ofher birthday.


3.7Give appropriate and full answers tothe following questions.

1. Can you guess when aperson is inlow spirits?How?

2. What kind ofsituation is not the end ofthis world?

3. Under what circumstances do people lose heart?

4. Are there any people who get the blues because ofthe weather?

5. Which month ofthe year can put adamper on skiing and snowboarding?

6. Would apiece ofbad advice or apiece ofgood advice knock you forsix?

7. All work and no play makes Jack adull boy, doesnt it?Why?

8. Does playing volleyball or dusting the furniture hold no pleasure foryou?

9. Will you make awry face if you hear asick joke?Why?

10. It is more pain todo nothing than something, isnt it? Why/ whynot?


3.8Fill inthe gaps with the information about you and your environment.

1. Its sour grapes when say (s) that something isnt good, but it reallyis.

2. .. is areal misery guts.

3. . kick (s) . for having

4. When . am (is/are) out ofhumor, ...

5. . just grin (s) and bear (s) it if . cant change anything.

6. Its afrightful bore to. for

7. believes that misery loves company.


3.9Translate the following sentences into English.

1. ? .

2. -, , . .

3. , .

4. , . .

5. : , .

6. , . , .

7. , , ࠖ - -.

8. , , .

9. .

10. .

11. 蠖 , , .

12. .

13. , . .


3.10Write aletter toyour pen-friend ofabout 150words describing some sad event or situation ofyours. Find aproper place for at least 3idioms.





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