.

. . .





,2018


ISBN978-5-4490-4376-4

Ridero

, , . YouTube . (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCG77GXpWfinzTjwT8g7dCzw). , .


YouTube .. (AStudy inScarlet bySir Arthur Conan Doyle) . Librivox (https://librivox.org/a-study-in-scarlet-version-6-by-sir-arthur-conan-doyle/), (David Clarke), Project Gutenberg (http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/244). , , - . -ࠖ (https://tophonetics.com/ru/).


YouTube .


1. 1.1:https://youtu.be/FdLcI1V4QLw


2. 1.2:https://youtu.be/RMujdRoxh88


3. 1.3:https://youtu.be/_V6chAbrw98


4. 1.4:https://youtu.be/vZs-dAh67-Y


5. 1.5:https://youtu.be/WICZqaySiJw


6. 1.6:https://youtu.be/pcX4EI4QiY8


7. 1.7:https://youtu.be/AHpvMBHc44Q


8. 2.1:https://youtu.be/tBiC8JDDQBk


9. 2.2:https://youtu.be/kx_iQekr9Kg


10. 2.3:https://youtu.be/eYymYk1dNJ8


11.

2.4:https://youtu.be/b73A8T_XPZY


12. 2.5:https://youtu.be/CaFUj31Kl1s


13. 2.6:https://youtu.be/Tbm2wL5t8zg


14. 2.7:https://youtu.be/5uHnpNSIIeQ


:https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLqKdJ953tqIfiPFr2PobjvIYbJ42wbYpB


. (https://www.litres.ru/aleksandr-levkin/posobie-po-rabote-s-audioknigoy-po-romanu-roberta-luisa-stivensona-ostrov-sokrovisch-na-angliyskom-yazyke-s-subtitrami-i-transkripciey/?lfrom=6).


  .. . . . ꠖ . , , 砖 .

CHAPTER 1.1. MR. SHERLOCK HOLMES

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INthe year 1878Itook my degree ofDoctor ofMedicine ofthe University ofLondon, and proceeded toNetley togo through the course prescribed for surgeons inthe army. Having completed my studies there, Iwas duly attached tothe Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers as Assistant Surgeon.


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The regiment was stationed inIndia at the time, and before Icould join it, the second Afghan war had broken out. On landing at Bombay, Ilearned that my corps had advanced through the passes, and was already deep inthe enemys country. Ifollowed, however, with many other officers who were inthe same situation as myself, and succeeded inreaching Candahar insafety, where Ifound my regiment, and at once entered upon my new duties.


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The campaign brought honours and promotion tomany, but for me it had nothing but misfortune and disaster. Iwas removed from my brigade and attached tothe Berkshires, with whom Iserved at the fatal battle ofMaiwand. There Iwas struck on the shoulder byaJezail bullet, which shattered the bone and grazed the subclavian artery. Ishould have fallen into the hands ofthe murderous Ghazis had it not been for the devotion and courage shown byMurray, my orderly, who threw me across apack-horse, and succeeded inbringing me safely tothe British lines.


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Worn with pain, and weak from the prolonged hardships which Ihad undergone, Iwas removed, with agreat train ofwounded sufferers, tothe base hospital at Peshawar. Here Irallied, and had already improved so far as tobe able towalk about the wards, and even tobask alittle upon the verandah, when Iwas struck down byenteric fever, that curse ofour Indian possessions. For months my life was despaired of, and when at last Icame tomyself and became convalescent, Iwas so weak and emaciated that amedical board determined that not aday should be lost insending me back toEngland.


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Iwas dispatched, accordingly, inthe troopship Orontes, and landed amonth later on Portsmouth jetty, with my health irretrievably ruined, but with permission from apaternal government tospend the next nine months inattempting toimproveit.


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Ihad neither kith nor kin inEngland, and was therefore as free as air or as free as an income ofeleven shillings and sixpence aday will permit aman tobe. Under such circumstances, Inaturally gravitated toLondon, that great cesspool into which all the loungers and idlers ofthe Empire are irresistibly drained. There Istayed for some time at aprivate hotel inthe Strand, leading acomfortless, meaningless existence, and spending such money as Ihad, considerably more freely than Iought. So alarming did the state ofmy finances become, that Isoon realized that Imust either leave the metropolis and rusticate somewhere inthe country, or that Imust make acomplete alteration inmy style ofliving.


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Choosing the latter alternative, Ibegan bymaking up my mind toleave the hotel, and totake up my quarters insome less pretentious and less expensive domicile.


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On the very day that Ihad come tothis conclusion, Iwas standing at the Criterion Bar, when some one tapped me on the shoulder, and turning round Irecognized young Stamford, who had been adresser under me at Barts. The sight ofafriendly face inthe great wilderness ofLondon is apleasant thing indeed toalonely man. Inold days Stamford had never been aparticular crony ofmine, but now Ihailed him with enthusiasm, and he, inhis turn, appeared tobe delighted tosee me. Inthe exuberance ofmy joy, Iasked him tolunch with me at the Holborn, and we started off together inahansom.


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Whatever have you been doing with yourself, Watson? he asked inundisguised wonder, as we rattled through the crowded London streets. You are as thin as alath and as brown as anut.


Igave him ashort sketch ofmy adventures, and had hardly concluded it bythe time that we reached our destination.


Poor devil! he said, commiseratingly, after he had listened tomy misfortunes. What are you up tonow?


Looking for lodgings. Ianswered. Trying tosolve the problem as towhether it is possible toget comfortable rooms at areasonable price.


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Thats astrange thing, remarked my companion; you are the second man to-day that has used that expression tome.


And who was the first? Iasked.


Afellow who is working at the chemical laboratory up at the hospital. He was bemoaning himself this morning because he could not get someone togo halves with him insome nice rooms which he had found, and which were too much for his purse.


ByJove! Icried, if he really wants someone toshare the rooms and the expense, Iam the very man for him. Ishould prefer having apartner tobeing alone.


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Young Stamford looked rather strangely at me over his wine-glass. You dont know Sherlock Holmes yet, he said; perhaps you would not care for him as aconstant companion.


Why, what is there against him?


Oh, Ididnt say there was anything against him. He is alittle queer inhis ideas an enthusiast insome branches ofscience. As far as Iknow he is adecent fellow enough.


Amedical student, Isuppose? saidI.


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No Ihave no idea what he intends togo infor. Ibelieve he is well up inanatomy, and he is afirst-class chemist; but, as far as Iknow, he has never taken out any systematic medical classes. His studies are very desultory and eccentric, but he has amassed alot ofout-of-the way knowledge which would astonish his professors.


Did you never ask him what he was going infor? Iasked.


No; he is not aman that it is easy todraw out, though he can be communicative enough when the fancy seizes him.


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Ishould like tomeet him, Isaid. If Iam tolodge with anyone, Ishould prefer aman ofstudious and quiet habits. Iam not strong enough yet tostand much noise or excitement. Ihad enough ofboth inAfghanistan tolast me for the remainder ofmy natural existence. How could Imeet this friend ofyours?


He is sure tobe at the laboratory, returned my companion. He either avoids the place for weeks, or else he works there from morning tonight. If you like, we shall drive round together after luncheon.


Certainly, Ianswered, and the conversation drifted away into other channels.


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As we made our way tothe hospital after leaving the Holborn, Stamford gave me afew more particulars about the gentleman whom Iproposed totake as afellow-lodger.


You mustnt blame me if you dont get on with him, he said; Iknow nothing more ofhim than Ihave learned from meeting him occasionally inthe laboratory. You proposed this arrangement, so you must not hold me responsible.


If we dont get on it will be easy topart company, Ianswered. It seems tome, Stamford, Iadded, looking hard at my companion, that you have some reason for washing your hands ofthe matter. Is this fellows temper so formidable, or what is it? Dont be mealy-mouthed aboutit.


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It is not easy toexpress the inexpressible, he answered with alaugh. Holmes is alittle too scientific for my tastes it approaches tocold-bloodedness. Icould imagine his giving afriend alittle pinch ofthe latest vegetable alkaloid, not out ofmalevolence, you understand, but simply out ofaspirit ofinquiry inorder tohave an accurate idea ofthe effects. Todo him justice, Ithink that he would take it himself with the same readiness. He appears tohave apassion for definite and exact knowledge.


Very right too.


Yes, but it may be pushed toexcess. When it comes tobeating the subjects inthe dissecting-rooms with astick, it is certainly taking rather abizarre shape.


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Beating the subjects!


Yes, toverify how far bruises may be produced after death. Isaw him at it with my own eyes.


And yet you say he is not amedical student?


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No. Heaven knows what the objects ofhis studies are. But here we are, and you must form your own impressions about him. As he spoke, we turned down anarrow lane and passed through asmall side-door, which opened into awing ofthe great hospital. It was familiar ground tome, and Ineeded no guiding as we ascended the bleak stone staircase and made our way down the long corridor with its vista ofwhitewashed wall and dun-coloured doors. Near the further end alow arched passage branched away from it and led tothe chemical laboratory.


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This was alofty chamber, lined and littered with countless bottles. Broad, low tables were scattered about, which bristled with retorts, test-tubes, and little Bunsen lamps, with their blue flickering flames. There was only one student inthe room, who was bending over adistant table absorbed inhis work. At the sound ofour steps he glanced round and sprang tohis feet with acry ofpleasure. Ive found it! Ive found it, he shouted tomy companion, running towardsus with atest-tube inhis hand. Ihave found are-agent which is precipitated byhoemoglobin, and bynothing else. Had he discovered agold mine, greater delight could not have shone upon his features.


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Dr. Watson, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, said Stamford, introducingus.


How are you? he said cordially, gripping my hand with astrength for which Ishould hardly have given him credit. You have been inAfghanistan, Iperceive.


How on earth did you know that? Iasked inastonishment.


Never mind, said he, chuckling tohimself. The question now is about hoemoglobin. No doubt you see the significance ofthis discovery ofmine?


It is interesting, chemically, no doubt, Ianswered, but practically


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Why, man, it is the most practical medico-legal discovery for years. Dont you see that it givesus an infallible test for blood stains. Come over here now! He seized me bythe coat-sleeve inhis eagerness, and drew me over tothe table at which he had been working. Letus have some fresh blood, he said, digging along bodkin into his finger, and drawing off the resulting drop ofblood inachemical pipette. Now, Iadd this small quantity ofblood toalitre ofwater. You perceive that the resulting mixture has the appearance ofpure water. The proportion ofblood cannot be more than one inamillion. Ihave no doubt, however, that we shall be able toobtain the characteristic reaction.


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As he spoke, he threw into the vessel afew white crystals, and then added some drops ofatransparent fluid. Inan instant the contents assumed adull mahogany colour, and abrownish dust was precipitated tothe bottom ofthe glassjar.


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Ha! ha! he cried, clapping his hands, and looking as delighted as achild with anew toy. What do you think ofthat?


It seems tobe avery delicate test, Iremarked.


Beautiful! beautiful! The old Guiacum test was very clumsy and uncertain. So is the microscopic examination for blood corpuscles. The latter is valueless if the stains are afew hours old. Now, this appears toact as well whether the blood is old or new. Had this test been invented, there are hundreds ofmen now walking the earth who would long ago have paid the penalty oftheir crimes.


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Indeed! Imurmured.


Criminal cases are continually hinging upon that one point. Aman is suspected ofacrime months perhaps after it has been committed. His linen or clothes are examined, and brownish stains discovered upon them. Are they blood stains, or mud stains, or rust stains, or fruit stains, or what are they? That is aquestion which has puzzled many an expert, and why? Because there was no reliable test. Now we have the Sherlock Holmes test, and there will no longer be any difficulty.


His eyes fairly glittered as he spoke, and he put his hand over his heart and bowed as if tosome applauding crowd conjured up byhis imagination.


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You are tobe congratulated, Iremarked, considerably surprised at his enthusiasm.


There was the case ofVon Bischoff at Frankfort last year. He would certainly have been hung had this test been inexistence. Then there was Mason ofBradford, and the notorious Muller, and Lefevre ofMontpellier, and Samson ofNew Orleans. Icould name ascore ofcases inwhich it would have been decisive.


You seem tobe awalking calendar ofcrime, said Stamford with alaugh. You might start apaper on those lines. Call it the Police News ofthe Past.


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Very interesting reading it might be made, too, remarked Sherlock Holmes, sticking asmall piece ofplaster over the prick on his finger. Ihave tobe careful, he continued, turning tome with asmile, for Idabble with poisons agood deal. He held out his hand as he spoke, and Inoticed that it was all mottled over with similar pieces ofplaster, and discoloured with strong acids.


We came here on business, said Stamford, sitting down on ahigh three-legged stool, and pushing another one inmy direction with his foot. My friend here wants totake diggings, and as you were complaining that you could get no one togo halves with you, Ithought that Ihad better bring you together.


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Sherlock Holmes seemed delighted at the idea ofsharing his rooms with me. Ihave my eye on asuite inBaker Street, he said, which would suitus down tothe ground. You dont mind the smell ofstrong tobacco, Ihope?


Ialways smoke ships myself, Ianswered.


Thats good enough. Igenerally have chemicals about, and occasionally do experiments. Would that annoy you?


Byno means.


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Let me see what are my other shortcomings. Iget inthe dumps at times, and dont open my mouth for days on end. You must not think Iam sulky when Ido that. Just let me alone, and Ill soon be right. What have you toconfess now? Its just as well for two fellows toknow the worst ofone another before they begin tolive together.


Ilaughed at this cross-examination. Ikeep abull pup, Isaid, and Iobject torows because my nerves are shaken, and Iget up at all sorts ofungodly hours, and Iam extremely lazy. Ihave another set ofvices when Im well, but those are the principal ones at present.


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Do you include violin-playing inyour category ofrows? he asked, anxiously.


It depends on the player, Ianswered. Awell-played violin is atreat for the gods abadly-played one


Oh, thats all right, he cried, with amerry laugh. Ithink we may consider the thing as settled that is, if the rooms are agreeable toyou.


When shall we see them?


Call for me here at noon to-morrow, and well go together and settle everything, he answered.


All right noon exactly, said I, shaking his hand.


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We left him working among his chemicals, and we walked together towards my hotel.


Bythe way, Iasked suddenly, stopping and turning upon Stamford, how the deuce did he know that Ihad come from Afghanistan?


My companion smiled an enigmatical smile. Thats just his little peculiarity, he said. Agood many people have wanted toknow how he finds things out.


Oh! amystery is it? Icried, rubbing my hands. This is very piquant. Iam much obliged toyou for bringingus together. The proper study ofmankind is man, you know.


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You must study him, then, Stamford said, as he bade me good-bye. Youll find him aknotty problem, though. Ill wager he learns more about you than you about him. Good-bye.


Good-bye, Ianswered, and strolled on tomy hotel, considerably interested inmy new acquaintance.

CHAPTER 1.2. THE SCIENCE OFDEDUCTION

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WE met next day as he had arranged, and inspected the rooms at No. 221B, Baker Street, ofwhich he had spoken at our meeting. They consisted ofacouple ofcomfortable bed-rooms and asingle large airy sitting-room, cheerfully furnished, and illuminated bytwo broad windows. So desirable inevery way were the apartments, and so moderate did the terms seem when divided betweenus, that the bargain was concluded upon the spot, and we at once entered into possession.


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That very evening Imoved my things round from the hotel, and on the following morning Sherlock Holmes followed me with several boxes and portmanteaus. For aday or two we were busily employed inunpacking and laying out our property tothe best advantage. That done, we gradually began tosettle down and toaccommodate ourselves toour new surroundings.


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Holmes was certainly not adifficult man tolive with. He was quiet inhis ways, and his habits were regular. It was rare for him tobe up after ten at night, and he had invariably breakfasted and gone out before Irose inthe morning. Sometimes he spent his day at the chemical laboratory, sometimes inthe dissecting-rooms, and occasionally inlong walks, which appeared totake him into the lowest portions ofthe City.


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Nothing could exceed his energy when the working fit was upon him; but now and again areaction would seize him, and for days on end he would lie upon the sofa inthe sitting-room, hardly uttering aword or moving amuscle from morning tonight. On these occasions Ihave noticed such adreamy, vacant expression inhis eyes, that Imight have suspected him ofbeing addicted tothe use ofsome narcotic, had not the temperance and cleanliness ofhis whole life forbidden such anotion.





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